P40 Listening in spatialized noise sentences (LiSN-S) test in Brazilian Portuguese
Rationale: Spatial processing involves the ability to understand speech in a noisy environment which is directly related to the listener's ability to use binaural clues to differentiate sound source location from noise location. The spatial processing can be assessed by the Listening in Spatialized Noise Sentences (LISN-S) test, a binaural interaction test, applied by computer software using headphones, which produces a three-dimensional virtual auditory environment to evaluate spatial processing in individuals with complaints related to Central Auditory Processing Disorder. The main purpose of this study was to develop the LISN-S test (software and database in Portuguese), including normality criteria for the age group of 6 to 11 years. In addition, the results obtained in normal children will be analyzed and compared with those who had a history of otitis media in childhood.
Design: The research will be developed in four steps: 1) Develop a software to assess spatial processing and speech material for the Portuguese database to be inserted into the software; 2) Determine the relative intelligibility of sentences to make adjustments to the recordings and obtain intelligibility equivalence between them; 3) Determine normality criteria for a age group of 6 to 11 years, and 4) Compare the results between children with and without a history of otitis media.
Results: The research was approved by the Institution's CEP, under No. 3,462,572. A graphical interface was designed with MATLAB App Designer and it allowed the examiner to start the equalization procedure and, for each sentence, to input the number of correct words repeated by the subject. 188 phrases prepared by the researchers were recorded by a vocal actress in an anechoic chamber. Two children's stories were selected and recorded by three vocal actresses using the same recording procedures. Children are being selected from a public school to develop steps 2 and 3.
Conclusion: Research is ongoing and software and speech material are ready for application in the selected sample. It is hoped that the results obtained in this research may provide support for understanding the functioning of the central auditory nervous system structures involved in binaural interaction tasks, from the cochlear nucleus to the auditory cortex in Brazilian children. In addition, we hope to disclose the importance of studying spatial processing, especially in children with complaints related to hearing difficulties in noisy environments, to contribute for the diagnosis and help audiologists to plan a more fully and efficiently rehabilitation.